In this article, I will name the rooms found in the typical house or apartment.
Many you will be familiar with but there may be some that you are not.
I shall include some slang words as well, where appropriate, because you may hear them mentioned but not know to which rooms they refer.
So, here is a list - in no order of importance.
Foyer – (pronounced ‘foy-ay’ or /ˈfɔɪeɪ/) a space where guests are welcomed, an entrance hall, found usually in hotels – also known as a lobby - but increasingly in large houses or apartments. Also less known as a vestibule or anteroom; foyer or lobby are preferable terms.
Kitchen – where cooking is done.
Pantry – a room where food is kept that does not require refrigeration.
Bathroom – where bathing, showering, or washing hands etc. is done.
Toilet – in the US, this room is also called a washroom or bathroom. Slang words include: dunny, loo, WC (for wet closet), the bog, (“Where’s your loo?” “Where’s your dunny?” refer to asking for the toilet in Australia).
Laundry - a room where clothes are washed. Equipment would include a washing machine and/or a drier.
Hall – or hallway – a space that flows often through the centre of a house with rooms branching off left and right.
Bedroom – a room for sleeping. Also, master bedroom (usually the parents’ bedroom). Spare bedroom, or guest bedroom are extra rooms. A sleepout is a bedroom developed from a veranda space in Australia. A small child’s room for sleeping is called a nursery.
Ensuite – (pronounced ‘on-sweet’) a room attached to a bedroom for bathing or showering.
Walk-in robe – a space often attached to a bedroom where clothes are stored. Larger than a freestanding wardrobe or closet for clothes and shoes etc.
Office/home office – a room where a business may be operated from, or where someone may work from home via computer, with equipment such as a printer installed. There may be a desk and a swivel chair.
Veranda – a space that is neither inside nor outside – a combination of both. Verandas may be at the front, the sides or at the back of a house. They may be open or closed.
Sunroom – a room that is located to take advantage of the sun’s warmth in winter.
Patio (pronounced 'patty-oh', sometimes 'pay-she-oh') or porch – like a veranda but smaller.
Deck – like a patio or porch or veranda, often made of slatted timber flooring – for relaxing or entertaining. May be a front or back deck.
Living room – a room where occupants or visitors gather – to talk, watch TV, or relax on sofas or comfortable chairs. Also called a lounge room because people ‘lounge’ there.
Games room – a room that contains indoor sporting equipment – such as a pool table, a ping pong/table tennis table, dart board, or quoits board, perhaps even computer game equipment.
Gym (gymnasium) – a home gym – a place for exercise.
Dining room – a room in which people dine or eat together. Sometimes the lounge/living room is combined with the dining room, and even the kitchen area in an ‘open plan’ style of house.
Nook – often attached to the kitchen/dining room – a small space for one or two people.
Cellar – a room that is used to store wine.
Basement – more of an American term for a room that is situated on a lower level. It could be converted into a bedroom or used for storage of equipment.
Attic – a room located in the ceiling space of a house. Could be a bedroom but also for storage of non-essential items.
Garden shed – a storage space outside that is used to store garden tools and equipment, such as a lawn mower.
Garage – a room to store vehicles. A garage may be part of the house or separate. A simple covered area for car storage is called a car port.
Not strictly a room, but part of a house (less so an apartment) is a back or a front garden. There may be a barbecue area (for outdoor cooking), a pizza oven, a gazebo, a swimming pool or hot tub, a vegetable garden/patch or flowers and trees/shrubs. A fishpond, a fountain, or a bird aviary might also be found here. Or a dog kennel.
A term that is come into usage recently is the ‘man cave’ – a place where a man has his hobbies, or interests – a place of retreat from women.
Mud room – a small room where dirty boots or shoes can be stored to avoid bringing mud into the house.
I hope you have found this article informative and have extended your vocabulary. As I said, many of the rooms will be familiar to you but I hope some have been pleasant surprises.